GEORGETOWN, Guyana – President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo says Ghana and Guyana must be able to benefit from their recently discovered substantial hydrocarbon resources for the benefit of their citizens.
He said the two nations ought to balance carefully the social, economic and environmental benefits of these vast oil and gas wealth in a continuously changing world.
“It is, thus, of the utmost necessity that countries like Guyana and Ghana find ways of bringing their substantial hydrocarbon resources to production, and quickly too.”
“We must add value to these resources, and not export them in their raw form if we are to transition to the status of developed countries. The effective management of these resources will determine whether we make it or not,” he said when he delivered a keynote address at the maiden International Energy Conference and Expo in Georgetown, Guyana, on Tuesday.
President Akufo-Addo noted that no energy project, no matter how high its return on value, was worth it if the interests of some or majority of the stakeholders were not properly represented.
He told the gathering that the discovery of oil resources in Ghana, in 2007, offered a unique, historic opportunity for the country to leverage its newfound oil and gas resources for the development of the Ghanaian economy, and to finance priority domestic investments crucial for diversified growth.
“By the Grace of God, many more discoveries have since followed, and Ghanaís ability to use these resources for the development of the economy, and for enhancing the welfare of citizens remains robust,” he said.
The President noted that some resource-endowed nations in Africa are failing to achieve sustainable development from the exploitation of their natural resources.
Ghana, he stated, had implemented a number of policies and initiatives to change the narrative.
These policies, he explained, are focused on ensuring sustainable growth of the sector through legislative development, employment creation, protection of the environment, revenue and cost management, transparency, diversification of the economy, capacity building, and local content development.
“We resolved, soon after our oil discovery, to improve the legal, regulatory, and institutional framework for the efficient management of our oil and gas industry.”
“To demonstrate further our commitment to ensuring transparency and accountability, Ghana set up a Public Interest and Accountability Committee (PIAC) to deal with challenges relating to transparency and accountability, with respect to the use of petroleum revenues.”
“Ghana has also signed up to the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiatives (EITI) in relation to oil and gas, which requires that we publish revenues from petroleum resources, and agree to use these resources efficiently for the benefit of the people,” he said.
President Akufo-Addo told the gathering that Ghana faced the major challenge of how to develop the oil and gas industry with optimal local content and participation, enhance national development, and create jobs.
To this end, he noted that Ghana resolved that the involvement of Ghanaians, in the exploitation of oil and gas resources, could be achieved through mandatory local content in all aspects of petroleum activities, hence the adoption of a Local Content and Local Participation Policy in 2010.
“We have been relatively successful in creating skilled and internationally competitive domestic suppliers through this law. It is important to note that Ghanaís local content law is not about nationalisation of the petroleum sector or a protectionist initiative, but a vehicle for partnering investors to develop domestic capacity that will bring mutual benefits to the investors and the citizens of the country, who own the resources, and, thereby, ensure social harmony and cohesion,” he said.