According to the Bretton Wood institution’s October 2022 Africa Pulse Report, food prices have since January 1, 2022, gone up by 122%.
Since the start of 2022, food prices have increased sharply in many countries, largely due to the Russian/Ukraine war.
According to the Food Price Index in Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana has recorded very sharp prices in food on the African continent.
On month-on-month basis, inflation was even higher.
The drivers of food inflation in Ghana are Oils and Fats (67%); Fish and Other Seafood (42.9%); Water (42%); Cereal products (40%); Milk, Diary Products and Eggs (39.7%), Fruits and Vegetable Juices (37.7%) and Live Animals and Meat (34.5%). All of the items recorded inflation rates higher than the national average of 33.9%.
Overall, the World Bank said inflation breached the ceiling of the central bank target bands for all countries with an explicit nominal anchor.
In Nigeria, headline inflation started the year above the central bank limit of 9.0% and accelerated to 20.5% in August 2022 – the highest since September 2005. Food and fuel prices were the key factors behind the rally in inflation.
Meanwhile, Senegal followed Ghana closely with food price increases of 110%.
Uganda is 2nd with 107% increase in food prices.
Ranking of Sub-Saharan African countries with highest price increases in 2022
|Country||Food price increase (%)||Ranking|